Fabrics Types

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French Terry

French Terry has a looped reverse and a knit-like face. It also has a fish scale loopback. The second image is the reversed side. French Terry can be used for apparel like loungewear and activewear in cooler climates. In recent years, designers have been incorporating this fabric into their designs. Due to the weight, it is able to give structure and shape to the garments. It is also popular amongst streetwear pieces such as hoodies, sweatshirts, and sweatpants.

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Cotton Jersey

Cotton is known to be comfortable and soft, good absorbency, color retention, prints well, good strength and drapes well. It can also be made from recycled cotton during the spinning, weaving, or cutting process. It can either be used in knitted or woven fabrics, as it can be blended with elastane for apparel such as stretch jeans. 

Egyptian, Sea Island, and American Pima Cotton

When you hear about Egyptian, Sea Island, or American Pima cotton you should know that this is not referring to the type of weave, but to the type of cotton used to make the weave. For practical purposes, Pima cotton, Sea Island and Egyptian cotton are all cottons derived from originally the same plant: Gossypium Barbadense. These are more desirable cotton because they are typically “extra-long staple length” cottons (length greater than 1 3/8″), which allows them to be spun into finer, stronger yarns.

All three of these cottons are typically regarded as high-end, luxury raw goods. Egyptian and American Pima will be the most readily available, while Sea Island cotton is well-known for being incredibly rare. Often, American Pima will be woven into fabrics of a slightly lower quality than Egyptian as it is not as clean of fiber, despite having similar staple lengths.

There is also a famous, rare form of Egyptian cotton called “Giza 45” that is specially used for some of the world’s finest shirting fabrics–notably Thomas Mason Goldline fabrics. This is a highly acclaimed form of cotton found in a particular portion of the Nile Delta, that can be woven to produce incredibly fine yet strong yarns. Fabric made from Giza 45 cotton tends not to degrade over time as much as other Egyptian or American Pima cottons.

Accounting for just .0004% of the cotton supply available, Sea Island Cotton is the rarest in the world. What makes Sea Island Cotton so desirable is its unique combination of characteristics: extra-long staple length, remarkable fiber strength, incredibly uniform growth, and a significant brightness in color.

While other high-end shirting cottons like Egyptian cotton and American Pima can boast extra-long staple length above 1 3/8″, it’s Sea Island Cotton’s durability, consistency, vibrant color, and silky luster that makes it different from these. The uniformity, strength, and “hairlessness” of the fiber allows fabric woven from it to last an incredibly long time and actually become smoother each time they’re laundered.

The best Sea Island Cotton comes from Barbados because the incredibly uniform, humid climate of the island allows for the cotton plants to grow in a consistent way throughout the year. The cotton in Barbados is also picked by hand to ensure the highest quality levels.
Making matters a bit confusing, there are trademarks filed around the names “Sea Island” and “Supima”. Keep an eye out for “Certified Sea Island Cotton” vs. “Sea Island Quality”, as only the former will be authentic and it’s something we often see on the market.

Pima Cotton Jersey

This world’s finest cotton is super soft and luxurious, lasting longer than regular cotton.

Premium Cotton Jersey

Our premium fabrics are finely woven rings-pun combed jersey fabrics that come with an extra anti-pilling finish for greater quality.

Standard Cotton Jersey

Our selection of rings-pun cotton combed jersey fabrics are soft and have a smooth surface.

Polyester Jersey

Perfect for all over prints or designs with many colours, polyester is a strong and durable synthetic fabric that retains its shape.

Oxford

Oxford is a type of woven dress shirt fabric, a particular casual-to-formal cloth in Oxford shirts. The Oxford weave has a basketweave structure and a lustrous aspect making it a popular fabric for a dress shirt. Some other types are the plain, Pinpoint, and the more formal Royal Oxfords. They are versatile options for the men for casual settings.

Pique

Piqué refers to a weaving style, normally used with cotton yarn, which is characterized by raised parallel cords or fine ribbing. It holds more starch than plain fabric, so produces a stiffer shirt front. A knit fabric with a similar texture is used in polo shirts. Piques may be constructed in patterns such as cord, waffle, honeycomb, and birdseye piques.

Denim

It is commonly known that denim is the fabric of our jeans. But from a construction viewpoint, denim is a twill fabric. A sturdy, possibly coarser twill. When it comes to denim shirting, it is a much softer, lighter version of the fabric than what your jeans are made of. Depending on the weight, denims can be used for shirtings, jeans, dresses and jackets.

Gingham

Gingham is a medium-weight, yarn-dyed, plain weave cotton fabric usually with a plaid or micro-check pattern. It is made of the carded, medium, or fine yarns, where the coloring is on the warp yarns and always along the grain (weft). Gingham has no right or wrong side with respect to color. End-uses include shirts, dresses, shorts, and handkerchiefs.

Linen

Linen fabrics are incredibly breathable and, like seersucker, typically made to be worn in hot climates. A natural plant fiber, linen fibers are stronger and more lustrous than cotton. Linen is made from the fiber of the flax plant and can be very labor-intensive to produce. Typically linen will be more loosely woven and sheer than most cotton shirts and has a very unique dry hand to it that is unlike cotton. Linen also tends to wrinkle more easily than cotton and generally feels much more relaxed because of this. While we love the look and feel of linen, some people prefer cotton/linen blended shirts as you can achieve much of the coolness of a linen shirt while reducing wrinkling.

Polyester

Polyester fabrics and fibers are extremely strong. They are very durable: stretching and shrinking and wrinkle resistant. Commonly used on most garments and usually blended with other fabrics such as elastane, spandex and cotton. It also retains its shape and hence is good for making outdoor clothing for harsh climates.

Nylon

Fabric made from nylon fibers can be used for blouses, dresses, foundation garments, lingerie, swimwear, underwear, raincoats, ski apparel, windbreakers, and cycle wear. Most items made from nylon can be machine washed and tumble dried at low temperatures. Use warm water and add a fabric softener to the final rinse cycle.

Slub

Slub jersey has all the comfort and versatility of a knit. The small thick spot in the twist of a yarn contributes texture to the surface of a fabric. Such spots may be deliberately added for variety or a natural variation in a yarn. Commonly used for t-shirts and known for its comfort. Some slubs may appear a little sheer and usually lightweight.

Wool

Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and certain other animals. It is naturally stain and wrinkle-resistant. There are many different types of wool; pure and blended. It is usually ideal for formal suits for men but other types of wool, usually the heavier weight are commonly used for overcoats, jackets and pants for both women and men.

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